1. Leprosy causes your limbs to fall off! – No it does not, it may cause the nerves to be infiltrated, leading to sensory loss and injury. It may also lead to bone resorbtion, but this does not constitute falling limbs!
2. Leprosy is a sexually transmitted disease. No, it is transmitted primarily through respiratory secretions and at one point it was mistaken for Syphilis and that is why it was thought to be an STD.
3. Leprosy is a disease that cannot be cured. No, leprosy is an infectious, bacterial disease that can be cured with multi-drug therapy. There are issues of resistance that can result; however, 15 million people have been cured over the last 20 years!
4. Leprosy can only affect humans. No, leprosy can affect humans and 9-banded armadillos.
5. Leprosy has been around since biblical times. Yes, it was first reported in th 6th century BC in India, China, Egypt.
6. Leprosy affects children and elderly more than middle-age adults. No, it’s the opposite. Usually young adults are the most commonly affected with men 2-3 times more likely than women to be affected.